Arnon Dror | Is Urbanization The Ultimate Sign of Progress?
When we see tall buildings and skyscrapers, we often conclude that the city we live in is in a progressive state. Why? Because according to Arnon Dror, big cities that expand through infrastructure means more market for business, more jobs, higher earnings, and good tourism. It also attracts international investment to create more business in engineering and banking, Arnon Dror stressed.
The start of urbanization changed cities into significant drivers of growth and development. Does this mean that urbanization is good for the local and national economy?
Arnon Dror says that a city becomes a compelling factor of change when it is dominated by commercial establishments, retail stores, industries that create jobs and revenues, such as hotels, hospitals, or universities. Compared to the rural setting, where manufacturing industries are the center of poor citizen’s income, urban life provides a more promising future for every city’s people. However, cities are threatened by the influx of migrants from the rural side. Image Source: Richmond Vale Academy
A progressive city is manifested through the following examples:
- Improved housing conditions
- More public and private schools
- Enhanced public transportation (new terminals, airport, additional mode of transportation)
- Highly accessible commercial establishments
One suitable example of progressive urbanization is that of the case of China. The rapid increase in jobs paved the way for urbanization in just a few decades. Compared to the living condition of China’s population in the 1980s, households are now enjoying a more affordable life as their income surged three times higher than those in the rural areas. While the urban infrastructure has somewhat harmed the social aspect, where massive migration becomes a problem, it differs from other developing countries that face urban congestion.
Arnon Dror states that in rural areas, countries like India suffer from poor living conditions, such as sanitation, water shortages, and availability of healthcare. The hesitation of the state to invest in urban infrastructure impedes the progress of the majority. Similarly, in the Philippines, rural people flock to the cities and find their luck there. This sudden migration of people results in the proliferation of slums, believing that every dream is realized in a few progressive cities alone. The government has not addressed the need for industrialization. Otherwise, it could prevent the unfortunate situation from tarnishing the excellent impression of urbanization, and it should improve the quality of living of many people.
To address the question if urbanization is a sign of progress, Arnon Dror says that the basic and clear answer is yes. The underlying principle of urbanization is to centralize opportunities, services such as healthcare, and wealth to people. It is but the government’s problem to solve how migration can be controlled to protect a city against overpopulation. Nonetheless, urbanization is a promise of many good things, and it highly emphasizes the growth of civilization.
Urbanization generally improves the quality of living. We can always go back to rural life and savor the lush greens in the countryside. But when we speak of progress, it means carrying our people forward, and it can only happen in the cities.